Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
Most patients thinking on operating their cataracts have a lot of questions about Phacoemulsification.
Trying to answer your doubts about this procedure we have done this FAQ, from questions we got from other patients that, like you, wanted to be operated on.
- What is a cataract?
- What are its symptoms?
- How is a cataract detected?
- How is a cataract treated?
- When should a cataract be treated?
- What is phacoemulsification?
- Is there any pain?
- When can I continue my daily activities after the operation?
- What are the post-operative restrictions.?
- Are there any risks?
- Are both eyes operated at the same time?
- Will I need glasses after the operation?
- What are multifocal intraocular lenses?
- I am interested in having Phacoemulsification. What is the next step?
A cataract is the opacification of the natural lens of the eye due to age, or other causes such as ocular trauma or inflammation.
A cataract starts out small. It has little effect on vision at the beginning. You may notice that your vision is blurred, like looking through a cloudy piece of glass. Cataract can also produce glare with the sunlight, lamps or headlights at night.
As the cataract develops, your vision will be more blurred, interfering in daily activities.
If you notice any of the symptoms described previously, go to have an eye exam. By performing it, the Ophthalmologist will know if you have a cataract.
It is treated with surgery. The cataract is removed by the Phacoemulsification technique, and the clouded lens is replaced with a intraocular lens.
Generally, I recommend surgery when the patient is not able to safely do his/her daily activities.
By Phacoemulsification, the cataract is broken into microscopic particles and gently suctioned from the eye trough an opening of about 1/12 inch. No suture is needed as the natural outward pressure within the eye seals the small and stair stepped opening. See draw
Phacoemulsification is nearly painless, during and after the procedure. Most patients only refer some discomfort during the surgery due to the instruments used to prevent the eye moving or blinking. The day of the operation you can feel some little itching.
The day of the surgery you should rest at home.
The morning after the procedure, you will notice great visual improvement, allowing to continue your daily life.
The day of the procedure, you are requested to rest as much as possible.
You will use antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops for four weeks.
Rubbing your eyes is not allowed for a month .
You can practice your favorite sport if you wear special glasses or goggles.
Avoid make-up for a month.
Similar to any surgical procedure, there are always risks, but currently, Phacoemulsification is one of the safest techniques with millions of patients operated on all over the world.
Because it is an intraocular procedure, I prefer to operate each eye one week apart. I believe it is safest for the patient.
The improvement in quality of life after the operation is extraordinary, according to the majority of the patients.
Most patients do not need using distance glasses in daily activities.
You will need reading glasses although you have decided to have multifocal intraocular lenses.
One possibility if you do not want to depend on glasses are multifocal intraocular lenses, that can focus on different distances. This kind of lenses are indicated in almost all cases.
Call our office in Madrid at +(34) 22.214.171.124, and make an appointment request and come to the Iradier Eye Clinic to have a pre-surgical exam and discover if you are indeed a candidate. For complimentary information you can call at the same phone number.